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What causes periodontal disease?

May 17, 2016

Periodontal disease is typically caused by bacteria within the dental plaque beneath the gum line. The bacteria ignite an inflammatory response in the gums. As a result, the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily. Often, the body’s immune cells produce cytokines to fight off the bacterial infection. These cytokines have been shown to cause damage in the body tissues. Therefore, the damage seen in periodontal disease is caused not only by the bacteria, but also by the body’s own immune cells.